1. S+V （主语+动词）
2. S+V+O （主语+动词+宾语）
3. S+V+C/P （主语+动词+补语/表语）
4. S+V+O+O （主语+动词+宾语+宾语）
5. S+V+O+C （主语+动词+宾语+补语）
S： 主语 subject
V： 动词 verb
O： 宾语 object
C： 补语 complement
There's a boat in the river.
What's wrong with＋sb. / sth.？
What's wrong with your watch？
How do you like...？
How do you like China？
What do you like about...？
What do you like about China？
You'd better ask that policeman over there.
How＋adj. / adv.＋主语＋谓语！
What a/ an＋adj. ＋n.＋主语＋谓语！
How cold it is today ！
What a fine picture it is！
Thank you for coming to see me.
So＋be/ 情态动词/ 助动词＋主语
He is a student. So am I.
... not ... until ...
He didn't have supper until his parents
The baby cried harder and harder.
The more one has, the more one wants.
... as＋adj./ adv.＋as ...
…not as(so)＋adj. / adv.＋as ...
Do you think that art is as important as music？
Last Sunday the weather was not so wet
as it is today.
I think art is less important than music.
stop…from doing sth.
The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from
blowing the earth away.
both ... and ...
Both you and I are students.
either ... or...
Either you or he is wrong.
neither ... nor ...
Neither he nor I am a student.
... as soon as ...
As soon as I see him, I'll give him the
... so＋adj. / adv.＋that ...
I was so tired that I didn't want to speak.
Though I like writing to my pen-friend,
it takes a lot of time.
be going to
This afternoon I'm going to buy a Qisu
be different from...
I think this is different from Chinese names.
Welcome back to school！
have fun doing
We're going to have fun learning and
speaking English this term.
... because ... / ...，so ...
I don't know all your names because this is
our first lesson.
Why don't you ... / Why not ...
Why don't you come to school a little earlier?
Let's make it half past nine.
have nothing to do
They have nothing to do every day.
be sure/ be sure of/ about sth.
be sure to do sb.
I think so, but I'm not sure.
I was not sure of / about the way,
so I asked someone.
between ... and ...
There is a shop between the hospital
and the school.
keep sb. / sth. ＋adj./ V-ing/ 介词补语/ adv.
You must keep your classroom clean.
Sorry to have kept you waiting.
Can you keep him in the room ？
Keep them here.
He finds it very hard to travel around the big city .
... not ... anymore/ longer
The old man doesn't travel any more.
He isn't a thief any longer.
What's the weather like...？
What's the weather like in spring in
There is no time to do/ have no time to do...
There was no time to think.
I have no time to go home for lunch.
Help oneself to...
Help yourself to some fish.
used to do...
I used to read this kind of story books.
borrow ... from...
I borrowed a Qisu English book from him.
lend sb. sth. / lend sth. to sb.
He lent me a story book.
He lent a story book to me.
have been to
Have you ever been to Haw aii？
have gone to
-He's gone to Washington.
be famous for
Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.
No matter when you come, you are
be afraid（of / to do / that...）
I'm afraid not.
Don't be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.
... as ... as possible / ... as ... as sb can
I hope to see him as soon as possible.
He ran here as fast as he could.
practise / enjoy / finish doing
A young man practised speaking English
with Mr Green.
Tom enjoys playing football very much.
He finished reading the story book.
It's said that ...
It's said that one of the most dangerous
sharks is the Great White Shark.
Not all / everyone ...
Not all sharks are alike.
Not everyone likes dumplings.
be based on...
His argument is based on facts.
... so that ...
Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight.
be＋num.＋metres/kilometres/years...＋long/wide/deep / high/old...
The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres
The river is about 2 metres deep.
The boy is about 12 years old.
keep ... from doing
The heavy rain kept us from starting out.
with one's help...
With Tom's help, I've come to America to
I don't think ...
I don't think any of them is interesting.
What's the population of ...？
What's the population of Germany？
prefer to do … rather than do
They prefer to buy a new one rather than
be worth (doing) …
This book is worth reading.
regard … as
They regarded their pets as members of
be confident of
I'm confident of success.
seem to do / seem ＋adj. / (介词短语)
He seems to be angry.
The house seems too noisy.
be angry with / about / at（doing）
We're all very angry with ourselves.
I was angry about his decision to build
a factory here.
I was angry at being kept waiting.
pay for / pay … for
He paid for the book and went away.
I paid him ￡200 for the painting.