1. Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot. 因为我们读过这本书，所以我们学到很多。
2. If we read the book, we will learn a lot. 如果我们读这本书，我们会学到很多。
3. We read the book；as a result / therefore / thus / hence / consequently / for this reason / because of this, we've learned a lot. 我们读了这本书，因此我们学了很多。
4. As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we've learned a lot. 由于读了这本书，我们已经学到了很多。
5. The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much. 超重的原因是吃得太多。
is caused by/due to/because of eating too much. 超重是由于吃得太多。
7. The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight. 吃太多的结果是超重。
8. Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight. 吃太多导致超重。
How nice to hear from you again.
Let me tell you something about the activity.
I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.
I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.
I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America.
With best wishes.
I’m looking forward to your reply.
I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.
Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.
All the teachers and students are required to attend it.
Please take your notebooks and make notes.
Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups.
Please come on time and don’t be late.
Please come and join in it.
Everybody is welcome to attend it.
I hope you’ll have a nice time here.
That’s all. Thank you.
 When asked about..., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that …. But I think/view a bit differently.
 When it comes to ...., some people believe that…. Others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but I tend to the former/latter.
 Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that..... They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....
 Recently the rise in the problem/phenomenon of ... has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern.
 Recently the issue of the problem/phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus/into public attention.
 Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.
 Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...
 Now there is a(n) growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to....
 Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ....
 Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that....
 "Knowledge is power." This is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.
 "Education is not complete with graduation." This is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.
Thank you very much for/Thanks a lot for/Many thanks for /I’m writing to you about my gratitude for /I’m very grateful to you for .(开门见山地交代感谢原因)
But for/Without your help, .(从反面衬托对方的作用)/It’s very kind of you to .(从正面说明对方的作用)
I hope to have the opportunity to express my gratitude to you/repay your kindness. I will feel very honored and pleased if .(提出回报对方的方式)Would you please let me know ?(希望对方给予回应)Thank you again for what you have done.(再次表达感谢)
(1)不同观点列举型( 选择型 )
There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that________观点一. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ______原因一. Furthermore, in the second place, ______原因二. So it goes without saying that______观点一.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that______观点二. In their point of view, on the one hand, ______原因. On the other hand, ______原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that______观点二.
As far as I am concerned, Ifirmly support the view that______观点一或二.It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一. And secondly 优点二.
Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一. In addition, ____缺点二.
To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.
( 3 ) 答题性议论文
Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ . It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.
As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____.
Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.
( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文
It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语 has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )
A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____.
With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.
1、Many people insist that... 很多人(坚持)认为……
2、With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that... 随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为……
3、A lot of people seem to think that... 很多人似乎认为……
1、People's views on... vary from person to person. Some hold that... . However, others believe that.... 人们对……的观点因人而异。有些人认为.....然而其他人却认为……
2、Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person. 人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异。
3、People may have different opinions on... 人们对……可能会有不同的见解。
4、There are different opinions among people as to... 关于……人们的观点大不相同。
5、Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对(失败)人们的态度各不相同。
1、Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that... 把所有这些因素加以考虑，我们自然会得出结论……
很完全的答法，"take sth into consideration"短语的应用，加分。
2、Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that... 考虑所有这些因素，我们可能会得出合理的结论……
"Take into account sth"短语似乎又比上句的"take sth into consideration"提升了一个层次。
3、Hence/Therefore, we'd better come to the conclusion that... 因此，自然我们得出以下结论。。。
4、There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits. 毫无疑问，跳槽有优点也有缺点。
文章一开头，就交待清楚文章的主题是什么。如“How I Spent My Vacation”(我怎样度假)的开头是：
I Spent my last vacation happily.
Honesty is one of the best honest man is always trusted and the contrary, one who tells lies is regarded as a "liar"，and is looked upon by honest people.
在文章的开头，先把人物、事件和环境交待清楚。例如"A Trip to Jinshan" (去金山旅游)的开头：
The day before yesterday my class went on a bus trip to Jinshan. The bus ride there took three hours. The long trip made us very tired, but the sight of the beautiful sea refreshed us.
用回忆的方法来开头。例如"A Trip to the Taishan Mountain"(泰山游)的开头是：
I remember my first trip to the Taishan Mountain as if it were yesterday.
即对要在文章中叙述的人或事先作一个概括性的介绍。如“The Happiness of Reading Books”(读书的快乐)的开头：
People often say that gold and silver are the most valuable things in the world. But I say that to read books is more valuable than anything else, because books give us knowledge and knowledge gives us power.
It was a rainy and windy morning. The sky was gloomy, the temperature was low, and the street was nearly empty. I was on my way back to school. Suddenly, a speeding car came round the corner.
在文章的一开头就交待写作目的，如通过文章要表扬谁，批评谁，或说明一个什么问题等。如 "Pollution Control" (控制污染)的开头：
In this article I shall draw your attention to the subject of pollution control.
1. As far as...is concerned 就……而言2. It goes without saying that... 不言而喻，......3. It can be said with certainty that... 可以肯定地说......4. As the proverb says， 正如谚语所说的，5. It has to be noticed that... 必须注意到，......6. It's generally recognized that... 普遍认为......7. What calls for special attention is that... 需要特别注意的是......8. There's no denying the fact that... 不可否认......9. Nothing is more important than the fact that... 没有什么比......更重要, ..., which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ... Second, ... What makes things worse is that... 现在，……，它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先，……；其次，……。更为糟糕的是……
is often the case…由于通常情况下…
all the people I know, perhaps none deserves my respect more than Miss Zhang, my English teacher. 在我认识的人当中, 也许没有一个人比我的英语老师张老师更值得我尊敬。
's generally recongnized that.... 他普遍认为...
should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。
's hardly that… 这是很难的……
far as …is concerned 就……而言
, therefore, can make it clear from the above discussion (that)...因此, 由上面的讨论我们可以明白……
can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as peace in the world. 因此, 我们能下个结论, 那就是世上和平最珍贵。
9. In my opinion ...=As far as I am concerned ,...在我看来, ……
10. be closely related to ...与……息息相关
this respect, we may as well （say） 从这个角度上我们可以说
is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。
view of the present station.鉴于目前形势
's far more important is that.... 更重要的是.....
, we hold opinion that… 此外，我们坚持认为，…
am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure. 我深信预防胜于治疗。
is no denying the fact that ...不可否认这个事实……=No one can deny ...谁也不可否认……
various kinds of ...=Of all the ...在各种……之中, ……
stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述
it's a pity that… 但遗憾的是…
1) ……in general/above all/with the result that/as a
2) As far as I am concerned/as for me，……
3) This truth above seems to be self-evident.
4) Whether we examine the ……above，such things can happens anywhere anytime to anyone.
5) In my point of view，I like/prefer A much more than B.
6) I still prefer A，however，for they teach me not only to be ……but also to be…… ，both in ……and in……
7) There is no doubt that……
8) In order to make our world a better place in which to live we should efforts to……
9) To a large extent，……，therefore，reflects……
10) If all above mentioned measures are achieved，……
11) Wherever you are and whatever you do，……is always meaningful.
12) So clear/evident/obvious it is that there are quite different opinions on it.
13) Now，which one do you prefer——the one……or the one……? Were it left to me to select，I should not hesitated a moment to choose the former/latter.
goes without saying that... 不言而喻，...
can be said with certainty that... 可以肯定地说......
the proverb says， 正如谚语所说的
has to be noticed that... 它必须注意到，...
's generally recognized that... 它普遍认为...
's likely that ... 这可能是因为...
's hardly that... 这是很难的......
's hardly too much to say that... 它几乎没有太多的说…
calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是
1、As far as ...is concerned 就……而言 比如说：就我而言 As far as I concerned
2、It can be said with certainty that... +从句 可以肯定地说......
3、As the proverb says， 正如谚语所说的， 可以用来引用名言名句
4、It has to be noticed that... 它必须注意到，...
5、It's generally recognized that... 它普遍认为...
6、It's likely that ... 这可能是因为...
7、It's hardly that... 这是很难的......
8、There's no denying the fact that...毫无疑问，无可否认
9、Nothing is more important than the fact that... 没有什么比这更重要的是…
10、what's far more important is that... 更重要的是…
1、A case in point is ... 一个典型的例子是...
3、But the problem is not so simple. Therefore，+句子 ( 然而问题并非如此简单，所以……)
4、But it's a pity that... 但遗憾的是… it’s a pity that….遗憾的是。
5、In spite of the fact that...尽管事实...... In spite of 尽管
6、Further, we hold opinion that... 此外，我们坚持认为，...
7、However , the difficulty lies in..+名词或者动名词 .然而，困难在于…
8、Similarly, we should pay attention to... 同样，我们要注意...
9、As it has been mentioned above...正如上面所提到的… (可以用来对前面所说的话进行补充说明)
10、In this respect 从这个角度上
1、I will conclude by saying... 最后我要说…
2、Therefore, we have the reason to believe that...因此，我们有理由相信…
3、All things considered,总而言之 = In a word=In conclusion
It may be safely said that...它可以有把握地说......
4、Therefore, in my opinion,因此，在我看来，
5、From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
6、The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
7、It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论
8、From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来，如果……也许更好
1、There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to three major ones.有几个原因……，但一般，他们可以归结为三个主要的。
2、Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective.有很多方法可以解决这个问题，但下面的可能是最有效的。( 可以用在保护环境等话题的作文)
3、Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows.一般来说，这些优势可以列举如下。
4、The reasons are as follows. ……的理由如下 (可以用来列举理由原因)
1、Some people think that …. 有些人认为…
2、I believe the title statement is valid because…. 我认为这个论点是正确的，因为…
3、I cannot entirely agree with the idea that ….我无法完全同意….这一观点的说法…
4、Along with the development of…, more and more….随着……的发展，越来越多…
5、It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized that….它通常是认为…
6、As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the latter.就我而言，我完全同意前者/后者的观点。
7、To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below.坦率地说，我不能同意他们的意见，理由如下。
In recent days, we have to face the problem_____(提出问题), which is becoming more and more serious. First, ____________(说明问题的现状).Second,_____________举例进一步说明现状)
Confronted with_________(问题), we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, _______________(解决方法一). For another _____________(解决方法二). Finally, _____________(解决方法三).
Personally, I believe that _____________(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ______________(带来的好处).
without an aim is like sailing without a compass
, can spring be far behind?
looking forward to your reply
far as Im concerned (在我看来)
the purpose of~~
good beginning is half done
you for your
is no wonder that
is worth doing is worth doing well
is believed that
cannot attach too much importance to the problem (越重视越好)
more (you read), the more(you learn)
is not because its difficult that we dont dear to do it,
but it is because we dont dear to do it that it is difficult.
13、Similarly， we should pay attention to 同样，我们要注意
14、This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can afford to ignore。这是一个关系到生死的问题，任何国家都不能忽视。
15、Therefore， in my opinion， it's more advisable因此，在我看来，更可取的是
16、In fact， we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself。事实上，我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。
17、stole the spotlight from从获得大众的瞩目
18、But the problem is not so simple。Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单，所以
19、As is often the case由于通常情况下
20、Before giving my opinion， I think it is important to look at the arguments on both sides。在给出我的观点之前，我想看看双方的观点是重要的。
21、An investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement.一项调查显示妇女欢迎退休。
22、Even the best possible graduate needs to continue learning before she or he becomes an educated person。即使最优秀的毕业生，要想成为一个博学的人也要不断地学习。
23、give oneself a chance to给某人一个机会去
24、 my point of view， it would be better if在我看来也许更好
42、As the proverb says， 正如谚语所说的，
43、Using bicycle contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as mon that 这是常有的事儿。
51、e do where i stand 从我的立场来说
74、It's hardly too much to say that 它几乎没有太多的说
75、As far as is concerned 就而言
76、The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that通过数据我们得到的结论是，
77、content in the thought that满足于的想法
78、pose a great threat to 对。造成了一大威胁
79、It goes without saying that 不言而喻，
80、i feel sure that我坚信
81、In view of the present station。鉴于目前形势
82、between the devil and the deep blue sea 进退维谷，左右为难
83、I will conclude by saying 最后我要说
84、This issue has caused wide public concern.这个问题已经引起了广泛关注。
85、But it's a pity that 但遗憾的是
86、As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述
are two / three / several major reasons to support my point of view.
2. The reasons why I agree / disagree are as follows.
【例句】The reasons why I agree with studying abroad are as follows.
1. There are two reasons accounting / accountable for this statement /view/ phenomenon.
2. may be caused by / can be attributed to two / three factors.
【例句】The great employment pressure of college students may be caused by two factors.
3. The reason why.......is twofold. For one thing.......for another,
【例句】The reason why I am in favour of finding employment is twofold.
1. It is essential / imperative that some measures should be taken to .
必须采取一些措施来 …… 。
【例句】It is essential that some measures should be taken to reduce employment pressure.
2. Some feasible / practicable steps should be taken before things get worse.
3. Confronted with , we should take a series of effective measures to tackle this problem.
【例句】Confronted with serious environmental pollution, we should take a series of effective measures to tackle this problem.
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